Yes. The Government of Canada has committed to keeping a distinct system for medical cannabis. The regulations surrounding price, quality and accessibility differ between medical and recreational cannabis.
On October 17, 2018, the federal government passed Bill C-45, also known as The Cannabis Act. This legislation deemed the possession, use, cultivation, sale and purchase of cannabis legal for adults across the country. The Act outlines rules and restrictions regarding cannabis and the countless products it can be found in. The underlying goal of the Act is to protect youth and minimize the sale and purchase of illegal drugs throughout the country.
Federal legislation limits public possession of dried cannabis at up to 30 grams at any given time. Both provincial and federal legislation define a legal limit of four plants per private residential dwelling (not per adult).
No. You should never cross Canada’s international borders, whether you are leaving or entering Canada, with your legally purchased cannabis. Although recreational cannabis is now legal in Canada, it remains an illegal drug in most American states and many other countries.
It is important to note that not all forms of cannabis are available for legal sale under The Cannabis Act. The Cannabis Act currently permits the sale of:
- cannabis oil
- fresh cannabis
- dried cannabis
- cannabis plant seeds
- cannabis plants
Edible cannabis, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals remain illegal for sale within Canada. These products are expected to be available for legal sale no later than October 17, 2019. It is currently legal to make cannabis-containing products such as food and drinks at home.