Cannabis FAQ


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Cannabis Basics

The term “Cannabis” is a catch-all phrase for a family of plants including many different plant species. This includes Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, the two commonly used strains for both recreational and medicinal purposes. The sativa species originates from Africa, the Caribbean and South America whereas indica originates from regions within Afghanistan and Pakistan. Cannabis producers can cultivate hybrids and thus create plants with various genetic properties. Hybrids may continue to be genetically crossed to produce unique and desired combinations of compounds. As such, it is important to understand the product you are consuming as each product may produce different effects based on its properties.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Plants naturally produce a variety of compounds based on their biology – a simple example being chlorophyll, which gives leaves a green color. The Cannabisplant is unique in that it produces over 100 compounds called cannabinoids which are the chemicals that attract us to its medicinal and recreational effects. THC and CBD are both cannabinoids, and as such, are specifically responsible for producing effects on the human mind and/or body when consumed in a cannabis product. These compounds are the most widely discussed, researched and understood characteristic of the cannabis plant.

Category: Cannabis Basics

THC, or ‘tetrahydrocannabinol’ is one of many chemical compounds produced naturally by cannabis plants. THC is a psychoactive chemical, meaning it can alter your state of mind and produce a ‘high’ feeling. The concentration of THC in dried cannabis can range from less that 1% to as much as 30%. The potency of THC combines with the plant strain, consumption form (i.e. edible, smoking, vaporizer) and a person’s physiology (i.e. may include a person’s health, diet, physical build/stature etc.) are all aspects that impact the effect THC has on the mind and body. Experiences will vary from person to person and depends on a variety of interacting conditions.

Category: Cannabis Basics

The term “Cannabis” is a catch-all phrase for a family of plants including many different plant species. This includes Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, the two commonly used strains for both recreational and medicinal purposes. The sativa species originates from Africa, the Caribbean and South America whereas indica originates from regions within Afghanistan and Pakistan. Cannabis producers can cultivate hybrids and thus create plants with various genetic properties. Hybrids may continue to be genetically crossed to produce unique and desired combinations of compounds. As such, it is important to understand the product you are consuming as each product may produce different effects based on its properties.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Due to THC’s psychoactive property – meaning its ability alter the state of mind and produce a ‘high’ feeling – products containing this chemical are popular for recreational use and appear in many forms. Ground dried cannabis flowers, which is perhaps the most widely recognized form, is used for inhalation via combustion of paper and flame, pipe or water pipe. Apart from this form, THC can be found in several products that when consumed can produce a high, which is different to products containing CBD, where no high effect is felt. This includes edibles, nasal sprays, and vaporizer liquids. Many other forms exist, such as lozenges and suppositories. These forms are still being researched and are not currently sold in Ontario.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Due to CBD’s non-psychoactive property, it has entered the market in a variety of safe and easy to use forms. Besides ground dried cannabis flowers, this includes products such as oils, topical treatments (creams, ointments), nasal sprays, edibles, and vaporizer liquids, to name a few. Just like essential oils, CBD oil is a concentrated extract of the cannabis plant often taken orally.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Cannabis is consumed recreationally for many reasons, and no two people will experience the effects in the same way. This is due to many factors, including the THC/CBD content of the product, the plant strain, consumption form (i.e. edible, smoking, vaporizer) as well as individual physiology. Many people tout benefits including increased relaxation, feeling happier, more optimistic, higher libido/sexual drive, and increased appetite, to name a few.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Introducing CBD into the body will not produce the same mind-altering effects as compared to THC. This is because CBD has a different chemical composition and is unable to bind with the same receptors in the brain as THC does. It is scientifically impossible to get the same high feeling with CBD alone. The feeling associated with CBD can be described as a subtle but pleasant numbing of the body resulting in increased relaxation, alertness and mindfulness. This effect depends on the CBD content in the product you consume.

Category: Cannabis Basics

One of the most common conditions that people alleviate by using CBD products is anxiety. However, ‘anxiety’ is a very multi-faceted condition that varies due to countless reasons. Many people turn to a CBD product as a means of weaning themselves off prescription drugs. It is an attractive alternative to using synthetic medicine such as valium. CBD is used as an anti-anxiety aid as it causes a calm, relaxing feeling which improves overall mood and can even improve sleep quality.

Category: Cannabis Basics

The concentration of CBD in cannabis typically ranges from 1 to 4% but can also reach as high as 15%. It is the higher CBD content strains that are specifically used to alleviate or suppress affects caused by certain medical conditions. Taken at a low dose, CBD will have more of an ‘alerting’ effect, causing feelings of increased relaxation and mindfulness (increased optimism, clarity etc.)  High doses cause more of a ‘sedative’ effect, like a numbing sensation in the body. It is here that the medicinal application of CBD is apparent. When taken at its appropriate does, it can produce anti-inflammatory benefits, reduce anxiety/depression, reduce nausea and vomiting, and reduce severity of muscle spasms/seizures.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Cannabis Health and Safety

If you’re just starting off, begin with a small amount of product with minimal THC levels. Better yet, choosing a product with higher CBD will help counter some of THC’s psychoactive affects. Keep in mind that there are several methods/forms available (i.e. edible, smoking, vaporizer), so you can test out which one works best for you. If you are ingesting cannabis, it is advised that you wait at least one hour for effects to be felt. Be mindful not to use too much if you are unsure, regardless of the form you are consuming.

Yes. As with any foreign compound introduced into the body it is possible that undesirable effects may arise, which are typically brought on when too much is consumed. It is important to note that the effects THC produces on the body and mind are temporary and will vary between people. Some effects may include an onset of anxiety, paranoia, panic-attacks, loss of concentration, lethargy, reduced motor skills and reaction times. Such effects can be uncomfortable and cause alarm. Most are temporary but seek medical attention if you are experiencing prolonged unpleasant effects.

No. CBD is safe to use in high doses and will not be fatal (cause death). Some side effects of consuming CBD include extreme lethargy (sleepiness), sedated feeling in the body and disorganized thoughts. Although these effects may appear alarming to those experiencing them, note that they are not intense or dangerous. They are only temporary and will pass with time.

Research suggests that there are several long-term side effects associated with long-term cannabis use. There may be risks to brain development especially if use began before the age of 25, which is when the brain is still developing and has not yet reached its full ‘adult state’. An increased risk may exist for the development of mental health problems in long term users. Also, Health Canada estimates that cannabis has an addiction rate of 9 % – albeit low, a risk still exists. There are many other speculated long-term effects, with many on-going studies currently attempting to understand and answer questions through research.

No. If you drive while or after consuming cannabis, you are considered ‘impaired’. The premise that driving after using cannabis is safer than driving after consuming alcohol is a myth. Cannabis products with THC alter the state of mind, affecting decision making abilities necessary for driving including attention, motor skills, reaction time and coordination. Performance is detrimentally worsened when cannabis is combined with alcohol use. Do not put yourself and others at risk.

Pregnant women should refrain from using cannabis products. Research has not conclusively revealed an amount that is safe to use during pregnancy. As such, it is best to not consume cannabis unless you consult with a healthcare practitioner. Like alcohol and tobacco, the compounds in cannabis products are circulated throughout the body when consumed and may produce effects on the body. When pregnant, the body will also deliver these chemicals to the fetus, carried through the mother’s blood. The compounds in cannabis will also be present in breast milk. This is not safe either for the fetus or newly born child and may cause health problems.

Yes. Household pets with medical conditions causing pain, seizures, inflammation, and anxiety are able to consume cannabis products with CBD. Cats and dogs have cannabinoid receptors in the brain just as humans do, although in different amounts. Dogs specifically are very sensitive to THC, so make sure your holistic veterinarian determines which product and how much is necessary for the physiology of your pet.

Yes. Lungs take in oxygen and pass it along into the bloodstream, which keeps us alive. Any type of second-hand smoke – cannabis, tobacco-related is harmful to the body. Both cannabis and tobacco smoke are made up of similar harmful substances, which are therefore also present in second-hand smoke. Effects include coughing, wheezing, and even light-headedness (as less oxygen is delivered to your blood and brain). Although less conclusively studied, cannabis second hand smoke is damaging to your lungs.

Yes, although it depends on the medication you are taking. For example, CBD may delay the break-down of blood-thinning medication, causing it to linger in the body for longer than is recommended. This can cause the drug to not work properly and may complicate your medical condition. However, CBD has also been found to improve the way certain drugs act, perhaps allowing the dosage of the prescription drug to be lowered. Not all drug interactions are bad, but you should consult with your health practitioner beforehand.

Canadian cannabis laws vary by Province. In Ontario, the legal age to buy, consume and grow recreational cannabis is 19. The maximum amount that can be carried in public is 30 grams of dried cannabis. Buying edibles is currently still illegal, although there is the option of creating your own food and drinks at home. Ontario residents are legally permitted to grow up to four plants per household. The Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS) is currently the only place where cannabis products may be legally purchased, although this is subject to change in April 2019.

No. Only cannabis products that contain THC will produce an intoxicating effect or feeling of “high”. However, ALTAIO only sells products that exclusively contain CBD, which has no intoxicating or mind-altering effects.

Yes. CBD is lipid-soluble, making it extremely easy to add to a variety of recipes when it is infused with a fat or oil-based ingredient such as butter or coconut oil. The cannabinoid can easily be added to savoury dishes such as dressings, sauces, and marinades. It can also be infused into sweet desserts like brownies, cakes, and even drinks such as coffee and cocktails.

The most optimal place to store your CBD oil and other CBD products is in an area that is cool, dark and dry such as a pantry, cabinet, or even the refrigerator. It is important to keep your CBD oil away from direct light,  heat exposure, or air. Ensure that your tincture is properly closed before storing.

About My Order

Yes, orders can be changed or cancelled up until they have shipped. It typically takes 24 hours to process and 48 hours to ship an order so cancellations can take place within this time frame.

Category: About My Order

Yes. Someone of legal age (19 years or older) must be present to sign for the package. This confirms that the order received.

Category: About My Order

No. Once an order has been shipped, all sales are final.

Category: About My Order


ALTAIO works hard to ensure that it abides by all federal and provincial regulations. In order to ensure we are not selling to minors, age verifications are required before entering our website. In addition, upon processing of orders, prescriptions or photo id may be required. It is important to note that all of our products are 100% natural and THC content does not exceed 0.02% in any of our products, making them unappealing options for minors who are seeking recreational cannabis.

Category: About ALTAIO

No. While all of our products are available for wholesale in bulk quantities, we also value individual consumers.

Category: About ALTAIO

CBD oil from ALTAIO is 100% organic, meaning no pesticides, herbicides, or other chemicals were used at any stage in the production of our oils. Our CBD oil is also made without any substitutes or fillers. Many other companies will mix in carrying oils such as sunflower oil with their CBD products, diluting the effects of the actual CBD oil. Lastly, our extensive research has enabled us to provide CBD oils that are completely free of THC content, reducing any potential risk or unwanted side-effects associated with THC consumption.

Category: About ALTAIO

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We are a company born in nature. Science and well-being are at the heart of everything we do. They drive our research, our innovations, and our dedication to sharing our expert knowledge with patients, customers, and society as a whole.