Cannabis Basics

The term “Cannabis” is a catch-all phrase for a family of plants including many different plant species. This includes Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, the two commonly used strains for both recreational and medicinal purposes. The sativa species originates from Africa, the Caribbean and South America whereas indica originates from regions within Afghanistan and Pakistan. Cannabis producers can cultivate hybrids and thus create plants with various genetic properties. Hybrids may continue to be genetically crossed to produce unique and desired combinations of compounds. As such, it is important to understand the product you are consuming as each product may produce different effects based on its properties.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Plants naturally produce a variety of compounds based on their biology – a simple example being chlorophyll, which gives leaves a green color. The Cannabisplant is unique in that it produces over 100 compounds called cannabinoids which are the chemicals that attract us to its medicinal and recreational effects. THC and CBD are both cannabinoids, and as such, are specifically responsible for producing effects on the human mind and/or body when consumed in a cannabis product. These compounds are the most widely discussed, researched and understood characteristic of the cannabis plant.

Category: Cannabis Basics

THC, or ‘tetrahydrocannabinol’ is one of many chemical compounds produced naturally by cannabis plants. THC is a psychoactive chemical, meaning it can alter your state of mind and produce a ‘high’ feeling. The concentration of THC in dried cannabis can range from less that 1% to as much as 30%. The potency of THC combines with the plant strain, consumption form (i.e. edible, smoking, vaporizer) and a person’s physiology (i.e. may include a person’s health, diet, physical build/stature etc.) are all aspects that impact the effect THC has on the mind and body. Experiences will vary from person to person and depends on a variety of interacting conditions.

Category: Cannabis Basics

The term “Cannabis” is a catch-all phrase for a family of plants including many different plant species. This includes Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, the two commonly used strains for both recreational and medicinal purposes. The sativa species originates from Africa, the Caribbean and South America whereas indica originates from regions within Afghanistan and Pakistan. Cannabis producers can cultivate hybrids and thus create plants with various genetic properties. Hybrids may continue to be genetically crossed to produce unique and desired combinations of compounds. As such, it is important to understand the product you are consuming as each product may produce different effects based on its properties.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Due to THC’s psychoactive property – meaning its ability alter the state of mind and produce a ‘high’ feeling – products containing this chemical are popular for recreational use and appear in many forms. Ground dried cannabis flowers, which is perhaps the most widely recognized form, is used for inhalation via combustion of paper and flame, pipe or water pipe. Apart from this form, THC can be found in several products that when consumed can produce a high, which is different to products containing CBD, where no high effect is felt. This includes edibles, nasal sprays, and vaporizer liquids. Many other forms exist, such as lozenges and suppositories. These forms are still being researched and are not currently sold in Ontario.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Due to CBD’s non-psychoactive property, it has entered the market in a variety of safe and easy to use forms. Besides ground dried cannabis flowers, this includes products such as oils, topical treatments (creams, ointments), nasal sprays, edibles, and vaporizer liquids, to name a few. Just like essential oils, CBD oil is a concentrated extract of the cannabis plant often taken orally.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Cannabis is consumed recreationally for many reasons, and no two people will experience the effects in the same way. This is due to many factors, including the THC/CBD content of the product, the plant strain, consumption form (i.e. edible, smoking, vaporizer) as well as individual physiology. Many people tout benefits including increased relaxation, feeling happier, more optimistic, higher libido/sexual drive, and increased appetite, to name a few.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Introducing CBD into the body will not produce the same mind-altering effects as compared to THC. This is because CBD has a different chemical composition and is unable to bind with the same receptors in the brain as THC does. It is scientifically impossible to get the same high feeling with CBD alone. The feeling associated with CBD can be described as a subtle but pleasant numbing of the body resulting in increased relaxation, alertness and mindfulness. This effect depends on the CBD content in the product you consume.

Category: Cannabis Basics

One of the most common conditions that people alleviate by using CBD products is anxiety. However, ‘anxiety’ is a very multi-faceted condition that varies due to countless reasons. Many people turn to a CBD product as a means of weaning themselves off prescription drugs. It is an attractive alternative to using synthetic medicine such as valium. CBD is used as an anti-anxiety aid as it causes a calm, relaxing feeling which improves overall mood and can even improve sleep quality.

Category: Cannabis Basics

The concentration of CBD in cannabis typically ranges from 1 to 4% but can also reach as high as 15%. It is the higher CBD content strains that are specifically used to alleviate or suppress affects caused by certain medical conditions. Taken at a low dose, CBD will have more of an ‘alerting’ effect, causing feelings of increased relaxation and mindfulness (increased optimism, clarity etc.)  High doses cause more of a ‘sedative’ effect, like a numbing sensation in the body. It is here that the medicinal application of CBD is apparent. When taken at its appropriate does, it can produce anti-inflammatory benefits, reduce anxiety/depression, reduce nausea and vomiting, and reduce severity of muscle spasms/seizures.

Category: Cannabis Basics

Cannabis Health and Safety

If you’re just starting off, begin with a small amount of product with minimal THC levels. Better yet, choosing a product with higher CBD will help counter some of THC’s psychoactive affects. Keep in mind that there are several methods/forms available (i.e. edible, smoking, vaporizer), so you can test out which one works best for you. If you are ingesting cannabis, it is advised that you wait at least one hour for effects to be felt. Be mindful not to use too much if you are unsure, regardless of the form you are consuming.

Yes. As with any foreign compound introduced into the body it is possible that undesirable effects may arise, which are typically brought on when too much is consumed. It is important to note that the effects THC produces on the body and mind are temporary and will vary between people. Some effects may include an onset of anxiety, paranoia, panic-attacks, loss of concentration, lethargy, reduced motor skills and reaction times. Such effects can be uncomfortable and cause alarm. Most are temporary but seek medical attention if you are experiencing prolonged unpleasant effects.

No. CBD is safe to use in high doses and will not be fatal (cause death). Some side effects of consuming CBD include extreme lethargy (sleepiness), sedated feeling in the body and disorganized thoughts. Although these effects may appear alarming to those experiencing them, note that they are not intense or dangerous. They are only temporary and will pass with time.

Research suggests that there are several long-term side effects associated with long-term cannabis use. There may be risks to brain development especially if use began before the age of 25, which is when the brain is still developing and has not yet reached its full ‘adult state’. An increased risk may exist for the development of mental health problems in long term users. Also, Health Canada estimates that cannabis has an addiction rate of 9 % – albeit low, a risk still exists. There are many other speculated long-term effects, with many on-going studies currently attempting to understand and answer questions through research.

No. If you drive while or after consuming cannabis, you are considered ‘impaired’. The premise that driving after using cannabis is safer than driving after consuming alcohol is a myth. Cannabis products with THC alter the state of mind, affecting decision making abilities necessary for driving including attention, motor skills, reaction time and coordination. Performance is detrimentally worsened when cannabis is combined with alcohol use. Do not put yourself and others at risk.

Pregnant women should refrain from using cannabis products. Research has not conclusively revealed an amount that is safe to use during pregnancy. As such, it is best to not consume cannabis unless you consult with a healthcare practitioner. Like alcohol and tobacco, the compounds in cannabis products are circulated throughout the body when consumed and may produce effects on the body. When pregnant, the body will also deliver these chemicals to the fetus, carried through the mother’s blood. The compounds in cannabis will also be present in breast milk. This is not safe either for the fetus or newly born child and may cause health problems.

Yes. Household pets with medical conditions causing pain, seizures, inflammation, and anxiety are able to consume cannabis products with CBD. Cats and dogs have cannabinoid receptors in the brain just as humans do, although in different amounts. Dogs specifically are very sensitive to THC, so make sure your holistic veterinarian determines which product and how much is necessary for the physiology of your pet.

Yes. Lungs take in oxygen and pass it along into the bloodstream, which keeps us alive. Any type of second-hand smoke – cannabis, tobacco-related is harmful to the body. Both cannabis and tobacco smoke are made up of similar harmful substances, which are therefore also present in second-hand smoke. Effects include coughing, wheezing, and even light-headedness (as less oxygen is delivered to your blood and brain). Although less conclusively studied, cannabis second hand smoke is damaging to your lungs.

Yes, although it depends on the medication you are taking. For example, CBD may delay the break-down of blood-thinning medication, causing it to linger in the body for longer than is recommended. This can cause the drug to not work properly and may complicate your medical condition. However, CBD has also been found to improve the way certain drugs act, perhaps allowing the dosage of the prescription drug to be lowered. Not all drug interactions are bad, but you should consult with your health practitioner beforehand.

Canadian cannabis laws vary by Province. In Ontario, the legal age to buy, consume and grow recreational cannabis is 19. The maximum amount that can be carried in public is 30 grams of dried cannabis. Buying edibles is currently still illegal, although there is the option of creating your own food and drinks at home. Ontario residents are legally permitted to grow up to four plants per household. The Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS) is currently the only place where cannabis products may be legally purchased, although this is subject to change in April 2019.

No. Only cannabis products that contain THC will produce an intoxicating effect or feeling of “high”. However, ALTAIO only sells products that exclusively contain CBD, which has no intoxicating or mind-altering effects.

Yes. CBD is lipid-soluble, making it extremely easy to add to a variety of recipes when it is infused with a fat or oil-based ingredient such as butter or coconut oil. The cannabinoid can easily be added to savoury dishes such as dressings, sauces, and marinades. It can also be infused into sweet desserts like brownies, cakes, and even drinks such as coffee and cocktails.

The most optimal place to store your CBD oil and other CBD products is in an area that is cool, dark and dry such as a pantry, cabinet, or even the refrigerator. It is important to keep your CBD oil away from direct light,  heat exposure, or air. Ensure that your tincture is properly closed before storing.

Cannabis Laws

Canadian cannabis laws vary by Province. In Ontario, the legal age to buy, consume and grow recreational cannabis is 19. The maximum amount that can be carried in public is 30 grams of dried cannabis. Buying edibles is currently still illegal, although there is the option of creating your own food and drinks at home.

Ontario residents are legally permitted to grow up to four plants per household. The Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS) is currently the only place where cannabis products may be legally purchased, although this is subject to change in April 2019.

Category: Cannabis Laws

Provincial legislation outlines legal places for cannabis consumption. These places include:

  • Private residential dwellings, including a front porch and backyard. This does not include residences that are also workplaces such as retirement homes or long-term care;
  • Outdoor public places, such as sidewalks and parks;
  • Designated guest rooms in hotels, motels and inns;
  • Controlled areas in residential care facilities, psychiatric facilities, veterans’ facilities and residential hospices;
  • Personal boats and vehicles when used as a temporary or permanent living space and not in use

It is illegal to consume cannabis in:

  • Enclosed public spaces and all workplaces;
  • Indoor common areas of condominiums, apartment buildings and university residences;
  • Schools and school grounds, and within 20 meters of the grounds of a school or community center;
  • Restaurants and bar patios, and public areas within nine meters of a patio;
  • Children’s playgrounds;
  • Outdoor grounds of hospitals and certain Ontario government buildings;
  • Publicly owned sporting areas (except golf courses);
  • Vehicles and boats that are being operated by the user (in the case of all forms of consumption) or under someone’s care or control (in the case of cannabis being smoked or vaped)
Category: Cannabis Laws

It is illegal to consume recreational cannabis in an enclosed workplace. The rules concerning the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes (either within or beyond the workplace) have not changed due to legalization. Those using recreational cannabis within a workplace, especially that with a high TCH content, may be deemed unfit to work safely and may pose a hazard to themselves and others.

Category: Cannabis Laws

Yes. Every household is legally permitted to grow up to 4 plants. Seeds must be purchased from a legally authorized retailer.

Category: Cannabis Laws

It is illegal to consume recreational cannabis in an enclosed workplace. The rules concerning the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes (either within or beyond the workplace) have not changed due to legalization. Those using recreational cannabis within a workplace, especially that with a high TCH content, may be deemed unfit to work safely and may pose a hazard to themselves and others.

Category: Cannabis Laws

It is important to note that not all forms of cannabis are available for legal sale under The Cannabis Act. The Cannabis Act currently permits the sale of:

  • cannabis oil
  • fresh cannabis
  • dried cannabis
  • cannabis plant seeds
  • cannabis plants

Edible cannabis, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals remain illegal for sale within Canada. These products are expected to be available for legal sale no later than October 17, 2019. It is currently legal to make cannabis-containing products such as food and drinks at home.

Category: Cannabis Laws

No. You should never cross Canada’s international borders, whether you are leaving or entering Canada, with your legally purchased cannabis. Although recreational cannabis is now legal in Canada, it remains an illegal drug in most American states and many other countries.

Category: Cannabis Laws

Federal legislation limits public possession of dried cannabis at up to 30 grams at any given time. Both provincial and federal legislation define a legal limit of four plants per private residential dwelling (not per adult).

Category: Cannabis Laws

On October 17, 2018, the federal government passed Bill C-45, also known as The Cannabis Act. This legislation deemed the possession, use, cultivation, sale and purchase of cannabis legal for adults across the country. The Act outlines rules and restrictions regarding cannabis and the countless products it can be found in. The underlying goal of the Act is to protect youth and minimize the sale and purchase of illegal drugs throughout the country.

Category: Cannabis Laws

Yes. The Government of Canada has committed to keeping a distinct system for medical cannabis. The regulations surrounding price, quality and accessibility differ between medical and recreational cannabis.

Category: Cannabis Laws

About My Order

Yes, orders can be changed or cancelled up until they have shipped. It typically takes 24 hours to process and 48 hours to ship an order so cancellations can take place within this time frame.

Category: About My Order

Yes. Someone of legal age (19 years or older) must be present to sign for the package. This confirms that the order received.

Category: About My Order

No. Once an order has been shipped, all sales are final.

Category: About My Order

About ALTAIO

ALTAIO works hard to ensure that it abides by all federal and provincial regulations. In order to ensure we are not selling to minors, age verifications are required before entering our website. In addition, upon processing of orders, prescriptions or photo id may be required. It is important to note that all of our products are 100% natural and THC content does not exceed 0.02% in any of our products, making them unappealing options for minors who are seeking recreational cannabis.

Category: About ALTAIO

No. While all of our products are available for wholesale in bulk quantities, we also value individual consumers.

Category: About ALTAIO

CBD oil from ALTAIO is 100% organic, meaning no pesticides, herbicides, or other chemicals were used at any stage in the production of our oils. Our CBD oil is also made without any substitutes or fillers. Many other companies will mix in carrying oils such as sunflower oil with their CBD products, diluting the effects of the actual CBD oil. Lastly, our extensive research has enabled us to provide CBD oils that are completely free of THC content, reducing any potential risk or unwanted side-effects associated with THC consumption.

Category: About ALTAIO

Athletes

Cannabinoid receptors occur naturally in our body’s immune cells and play a vital role in the regulation of the immune system. Several studies have shown that when exogenous CBD receptors bind with our bodies CB1 and CB2 receptors, they play an enormous role in regulating our body’s anti-inflammatory mechanism.

Category: Athletes

Cannabinoids are known to have both relaxing and sedative effects. Sleep quality and longevity is important for muscle growth and recovery. CBD inhibits the reuptake of adenosine, which helps it accumulate in the brain and inhibit the release of neurotransmitters, ultimately slowing down brain activity and inducing sleep. This helps athletes recover more quickly from sport-related injuries and boosts energy levels.

Category: Athletes

CBD is an analgesic, meaning it can aid in alleviating pain both during and after exercise. Many athletes use CBD products following their workouts to continue managing achy muscles.

Category: Athletes

The extremely dangerous health effects of NSAIDs make CBD an ideal alternative for pain management and relieving inflammation.

Category: Athletes

CBD has been shown to have a greater antioxidant effect than vitamin C or vitamin D. This property makes it highly sought after by athletes who are looking to avoid other treatments like steroids

Category: Athletes

Pets

CBD is beginning to change the world of pain management – for humans and animals alike. Because CBD does not possess the harmful effects that can result from over-the-counter drugs, it is an ideal (and natural) alternative for treating chronic pain associated with inflammation, cancer, arthritis, and more.

Category: Pets

CBD has been shown to decrease the production of inflammatory cytokines, which can cause allergies, hypersensitivities, and other autoimmune diseases.

Category: Pets

If your cat or dog suffers from extreme separation anxiety or certain noise phobias, CBD may be effective in calming these nerves. CBD oil has been shown to help the body process serotonin, a hormone that plays a key role in regulating emotions.

Category: Pets

Most pets who suffer from seizures are treated wit drugs such as phenobarbital and potassium bromide. While these drugs may be effective in controlling seizures, they can also be quite harmful to the liver and other organs. In some cases, dogs have been found to be drug-resistant, meaning these drugs do not have any effect on them. CBD can be a safe alternative to these drugs and has been shown to work well in drug-resistant cases of epilepsy.

Category: Pets

Research shows that CBD oil may have an anti-tumor effect. CBD has been shown to stop cancer cell growth and increase tumor cell growth by boosting the immune system and blocking the cells’ ability to produce energy. If you have a pet that has been diagnosed with cancer, this may be the solution not only for curing cancer, but also for relieving any pain that can be a result of tumors.

Category: Pets

If you’ve noticed decreases appetite in your pet, CBD may be the solution. While CBD is acknowledged for its ability to increase appetite, it’s important to note that it can also help in suppressing vomiting and nausea.

Category: Pets

CBD has been linked to improved heart health. Studies show that CBD reduces damage from damaged blood vessels, protects blood vessels from further damage, and reduces heart rate and blood pressure associated with stress and anxiety.

Category: Pets

Studies have found that CBD can be effective in preventing colitis (IBD) and restoring normal gut motility (stretching and contracting of the muscles in the gastrointestinal tract) in inflammatory bowel disease. CBD’s antibiotic properties further aid in restoring a healthy gut.

Category: Pets

CBD has been shown to be an effective alternative to many other drugs in treating certain diseases and health conditions. When separated from THC, which gives cannabis its psychoactive properties, CBD produces no mind-altering effects on your pets. CBD oil will provide the intended relaxation without any intoxication. The added bonus is that CBD appears to be safe, even when taken in high doses.

Category: Pets

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